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392 Year-Old Shark Found in the Arctic May Be The Oldest Living Vertebrate 

Image by Julius Nielsen Instagram/juniel85

The Greenland shark has the longest known lifespan of all vertebrate species. Scientists have recently discovered a Greenland shark that is at least 392 years old!  According to reports, the Greenland shark was found living in the arctic and could very well be the oldest living vertebrate creature in the world. 

The researchers measured the creature and estimated that it could have been born as early as 1505. It is known to live in temperatures of -1° Celsius and 10° Celsius. A report by Metro.co.uk, said that the shark can swim as deep as 7,200 feet and weighs more than a ton. 

According to the report, the found shark measured at 18 feet in length. It is this length which reportedly can mean the shark can be anywhere between 272 to 512 years old, as this species grows at a rate of 1 cm in a year. 

A report by The Sun said it was the oldest of 28 Greenland sharks to be analyzed. These sharks have an estimated lifespan of 400 years and they spend their time swimming around looking for mates, report claimed.

Image by Henrik Schurmann

What implications does this astounding creature have on us humans? Scientists are now studying the longevity of Greenland sharks to see if the science behind their longevity can be applied towards humans one day. One possible explanation for the sharks’ longevity is that they spend their lives 2,000 meters down, where the water temperature is around 29 degrees Fahrenheit. Extreme cold is associated with slow metabolism and maturation — Greenland sharks don’t reach adulthood until age 150 — as well as long life spans. 

Of course, humans aren’t about to start living underwater. But scientists think in the future we might be able to incorporate into our own bodies some of the shark’s life-extending biological adaptations. 

What do you think? Would you splice shark DNA into you so you could live longer? Let us know in the comments!

11 of the Oldest and Most Exotic Dog Breeds! Have You Heard of Them? 

The relationship between man and dog is one of the oldest symbiotic relationships in human history. The connection between humans and dogs dates back to the hunter-gatherer society. The cohabitation of dogs and humans would have greatly improved the chances of survival for early human groups, and the domestication of dogs may have been one of the key forces that led to human success. The symbolism and myth surrounding dogs is rich. Dogs are particularly prized for their loyalty, intelligence, obedience, and cooperation among many things.  Here's a list of some of the oldest and rarest breeds that we find fascinating. Which one's your favorite?

11. Xoloitzcuintli

These odd looking pups are commonly known as the "Mexican Hairless Dog", though there is a variety of this breed that does have a coat. The breed dates back over 3500 years, archaeological evidence of which has been found in the tombs of the Colima, Mayan, Toltec, Zapotec, and Aztec Indians. Long regarded as guardians and protectors, the indigenous peoples believed that the Xolo safeguarded their homes from evil spirits and intruders.

10. Swedish Vallhund


In English, "Vallhund" translates to "herd dog." This breed dates back over 1000 years, when it was bred to drive and herd cows starting in about the 8th or 9th century AD. It is the ancient and national dog of Sweden.

9. Neapolitan Mastiff​


This large, ancient dog breed has been bred to guard and defend family and property due to their protective instincts and fearsome appearance. Unfortunately, due to their size and several health problems, most don't live past the age of 6 or 7 years.

8. Saluki​


Salukis are also known as "Persian Greyhounds" as they were originally bred in the Fertile Crescent where civilization originated. Historically, Salukis were used for hunting by nomadic tribes. Typical prey included the gazelle, hare, fox and jackal. The name of the breed first appeared in writing in pre-Islamic Arabic poetry and may have derived from "Saluqiyyah," the Arabic form of Seleucia. Images of running dogs with long, narrow bodies adorn pottery that dates back 6,000 years ago in ancient Mesopotamia. One writer suggested that these ancient artworks might depict the ancestor of the saluki, despite the depictions bearing erect, pointed ears.


7. Afghan Hound



The Afghan Hound is distinguished by its thick, fine, silky coat and its tail with a ring curl at the end. The breed was selectively bred for its unique features in the cold mountains of Afghanistan.

6. Chinese Shar Pei​

The Shar Pei has been identified as a basal breed that predates the emergence of modern breeds in the 19th century. The term "basal" refers to a lineage of dogs that diverges early in the history of the group ... and lies on a branch that originates near the common ancestor of the group. According to historical documents and artifacts, the Shar Pei has existed in China since ancient times, and its likeness was often used to decorate various objects, especially during the Han Dynasty. During this period, it was used as a fighting dog, and gradually became a favorite pet of Chinese emperors.

5. Shiba Inu

The Shiba inu is an ancient, basal breed native to Japan that predates the emergence of modern breeds in the 19th Century. This small, agile dog copes well with mountainous terrain. It is often mistaken with the Akita Inu and the Hokkaido, but it is a different breed with a distinct bloodline. The Japanese breed standard describes Shiba Inus: A spirited boldness, a good nature, and an unaffected forthrightness, which together yield dignity and natural beauty.

4. Basenji

The Basenji is another ancient breed that has been identified as a basal breed. It is a breed of hunting dog that originated in central Africa.

3. Chow Chow 

Chow chows are originally from northern China, where people refer to them as Songshi Quan, which means "puffy lion-dog". Some people have proposed that the Chow Chow originated in China 2,000 years ago or originated in Arctic Asia 3,000 years ago and then migrated to Mongolia, Siberia and then to China. DNA analysis indicates that the Chow Chow is one of the world's most ancient dog breeds.

2. Pekingese

The breed originated in China in antiquity. Recent DNA analysis confirms that the Pekingese breed is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world; one of the least genetically diverged from the wolf. For centuries, they could only be owned by members of the Chinese Imperial Palace. 

There is a lot of myth and legend around the origin of the Pekingese. 

The first is the most common, The Lion and the Marmoset: 

A lion and a marmoset fell in love. But the lion was too large. The lion went to the Buddha and told him of his woes. The Buddha allowed the lion to shrink down to the size of the marmoset. And the Pekingese was the result. 

The second, less-common originating story is The Butterfly Lion: 

A lion fell in love with a butterfly. But the butterfly and lion knew the difference in size was too much to overcome. Together they went to see the Buddha, who allowed their size to meet in the middle. From this, the Pekingese came. 

Because the Pekingese was believed to have originated from the Buddha, he was a temple dog. As such, he was not a mere toy. He was made small so that he could go after and destroy little demons that might infest the palace or temple. But his heart was big, so that he could destroy even the largest and fiercest opponents.

1. Samoyed

The Samoyed is another basal breed that descended from the Nenets herding laika, a spitz-type dog from Siberia used for sledding, herding, guarding, and keeping their owners warm. Another interesting fact about Samoyeds is that their fur is sometimes used as an alternative to wool in knitting, and it has a texture similar to angora. Samoyed fur sweaters have been reported to handle temperatures well below freezing.

These Dogs' Days Are Over: Check Out These 12 Extinct Dog Breeds! 

Believe it or not, there are at least 40 dog breeds known to be extinct. These breeds were either deliberately mated out, wiped out by predators, or ignored by breeders. We're posting 12 of these dog breeds who, sadly, we can no longer play with, cuddle with, or post funny videos of.

1. English Water Spaniel



The last English Water Spaniel was seen in the 1930s. Somewhat similar to a Collie, this cutie was used to hunt waterfowl and was known for its ability to dive and duck. It had curly fur, typically in a white and tan pattern. It is described as similar to a Collie, or a cross between a Poodle and a Springer Spaniel with curly fur, typically in a white and tan pattern.


2. Chien-Gris


Originating in medieval times, the Chien-Gris was a scent hound and formed part of the royal packs of France, which were composed exclusively of hounds of this type.

3. Molossus


Known for being especially vicious, Molossus dogs haven't been around since the ancient Romans... We lucked out!

4. Alpine Mastiff



The Alpine Mastiff was of the Molosser breed (see #3). It contributed to the breeding of the modern day St. Bernard and Mastiff.

5. Kuri


Introduced to New Zealand by the Maori people of Polynesia, Kuri dogs were food to the Maori, as well as a source of clothing, belts, and weapon decoration- all made from their skin and fur. The poor things became extinct in New Zealand after the arrival of European settlers.

6. Cordoba Fighting Dog


This Mastiff, Bull Terrier, and Bulldog mix was bred to be ruthless and powerful. Used for pit fighting in Argentina, their vicious temperament eventually got the better of them: When it was time to mate, males and females would try to kill each other which, needless to say, made mating difficult and extinction imminent.

7. Hare Indian Dog​


Known for its speed, the Hare Indian Dog was originally bred in northern Canada by the Hare Indians for game hunting. While it had many characteristics of the coyote, its domesticated temperament was reminiscent of house breeds. As Indian hunting methods declined, the Indian Hare went extinct through interbreeding.


8. Moscow Water Dog​



A little-known breed derived from the Newfoundland shepherd, the Moscow Water Dog was produced only by the Red Star Kennels in Russia, the state-operated organizations chartered to provide working dogs for the armed services. After World War II, there were very few working dogs in the Soviet Union as many had been killed during the war. Some were imported but there were not enough to establish a dedicated breeding program for a specific breed.

9. Talbot

A tracking dog, the Talbot was so loved in the Middle Ages that many families had its image on their crests. The hound was slow but loyal, and had a great sense of smell. It was often used in battle and for law enforcement purposes. The Talbot went extinct around the 16th century, but its posterity thrives in the form of the beagle.

10. Bullenbeisser​


The Bullenbeisser was a no-nonsense German bulldog. It was eventually bred into nonexistence in order to create the Boxer.

11. Braque Du Puy


The Braque Du Puy was a French domestic hunting dog, first bred in the 19th century. It was white with orange or liver coloured marks, and was medium to large in size. Although many similar breeds can be found today, this pooch can no longer be found in its original form.

12. Russian Tracker


Weighing 100 lbs on average, these big boys were bred in Russia and used by farmers in the Caucasus Mountains to guard livestock. In the 1800s, a man named Sir Dudley Marjoribanks watched these pooches perform in an English circus. He was so delighted by them that he bought the entire pack. He eventually created the Golden Retriever out of the Russian Tracker.






 

Extreme Macro! Amazing Images of Lesser-Known Ocean Dwellers 

                 Photo Credit: Jeannot Kuenzel
 

Our oceans are teeming with billions upon billions of incredible tiny creatures that are invisible to the naked eye. Photographer Jeannot Kuenzel decided to spend his time capturing sea creatures smaller than 10 millimeters, as opposed to more commonly photographed ocean-dwellers like whales, sharks and fish. As an experienced diver, Kuenzel took to the sea with a powerful camera lens to capture what lies beyond human sight. 

Kuenzel currently lives in Malta, in the Mediterranean, where there does not appear to be much going on under the water. But Kuenzel decided to explore what might be flourishing on a "macro" level, and captured a series of photos that he titled: "Extreme Macro." 

Take a look:


                             Photo Credit: Jeannot Kuenzel                 Photo Credit: Jeannot Kuenzel                 Photo Credit: Jeannot Kuenzel
                                Photo Credit: Jeannot Kuenzel

                 Photo Credit: Jeannot Kuenzel

                 Photo Credit: Jeannot Kuenzel

                 Photo Credit: Jeannot Kuenzel

                Photo Credit: Jeannot Kuenzel                 Photo Credit: Jeannot Kuenzel
 

Visit Kuenzel's website: http://www.jk4u.net/below/supermacro/ 

Article by: Rajmani Sinclair, May 31, 2016
 

Sea Lion Plays With Little Girl - Watch What Happens When She Falls Down (Video) 


The animal kingdom never ceases to amaze. 


This video taken at the Smithsonian National Zoo shows a sea lion playing with abandon with a little girl.  As the little girl falls--as most of the little kids do--we get a surprising reaction from the sea son.


                                                                     

Please share with friends!

This Artist Replaced Classic Disney Characters with the Internet's Favorite Grumpy Cat. The Results will Crack You Up! 

Thank God for illustrator and designer Eric Proctor! Known online by his pseudonym TsaoShin, Eric's artistic genius has the internet loling over a series called "Grumpy Disney." Chances are you've met the purrlific Grumpy Cat (see above), but now you can see her frown her way into your favorite Disney flicks! Check out Eric's hilarious and inspired creations below.

1. Part of Your No

Grumpy Cat makes a splash as Ariel in the Little Purrmaid. "Look at this stuff, isn't it vaguely interesting at best?"

2. Circle of No

Grumpy Cat CANNOT feel the love tonight. 

3. He Mele No Lilo

The lovable blue alien has never been more hated.

4. A Whole New No

Because I'm lazy, I'll refer you to the revised, Grumpy Jasmine lyrics here.

5. When Will My No Begin

"You mean I have to live alone in a tower for the rest of my life?.... Sign me up!"

6. Bella No

Lady and the Grump. "Don't even think you're getting in on this spaghetti."

7. Let It No

The ultimate ice queen. As if the original Elsa wasn't grumpy enough! 

8. Tale As Old As No

Under an eternal curse? Good, Grumpy Belle will make sure it stays that way. 

9. When You Wish Upon A No

Loos like Gepetto wished upon the wrong star!

10. One Day My No Will Come 

Finally a plot point that Grumpy the Dwarf actually approves of.

11. Evil Has A Beginning...

Probably the most suitable role for Grumpy Cat! Except, unlike Ms. Jolie's portrayal, she'd be a total, unsympathetic biatch.

You can check out Eric's art tutorials here, or watch videos of his adorable kitty Grendel here.

Text by Nate Morgan

"Nurse Cat" Comforts Injured Shelter Animals 

Meet Rademenes the "nurse cat." He may look like your run-of-the-mill feline, but he is actually quite special.


He lives in a Polish animal shelter, where he is known for his unique task of comforting sick, injured and post-op animals. The survival of a serious illness himself, Rademenes has the intuitive ability to sense which animals are the most in need. 




He cuddles, spoons, massages and grooms the weak shelter animals, apparently focusing on cats and dogs with the gravest injuries.




He is the shelter's own personal mascot, where he is known as "little nurse." He is not just treated like any old cat; he is regarded with the same respect as an essential staff member. As he should be! 



Isn't he the sweetest lil nurse in the world? See more pictures of Rademenes on the job at Imgur

Author: Nate Morgan
Phone: (212) 567-7713
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